Philip Gidley King

Philip Gidley King (1758-1808) was a naval officer who served as lieutenant-governor of Norfolk Island (1788-90 and 1791-96) and lieutenant-governor and governor of New South Wales (1800-06). Despite opposition from military officers, monopolist traders and traffickers in liquor, he strove to advance the prosperity of the colony and the welfare of its inhabitants, including former convicts, orphans and Aboriginal people. Courtesy Australian Dictionary of Biography


17 August 1801

First welfare institutions

NSW Governor Philip King establishes Australia’s first welfare institution — a girls' Orphan School. The first private welfare organisation — the Benevolent Society of New South Wales — forms on 8 May 1813 to aid the poor.


View of the Female Orphan School near Parramatta, New South Wales.