Brian Charles Fitzpatrick

Brian Charles Fitzpatrick (1905-65), a journalist, non-dogmatic socialist and freelance radical publicist, was a significant defender of civil liberties, historian and political maverick. Reacting to anti-democratic federal legislation, he helped found the (Australian) Council for Civil Liberties in Melbourne. The Council’s driving force, he lent support in individual cases of injustice and won respect from politicians, regardless of party. Courtesy Australian Dictionary of Biography


6 May 1935

Australian Council for Civil Liberties

A group of prominent citizens, lawyers and writers, including Brian Fitzpatrick, Herbert Burton, Max Meldrum, Sir John Barry and Sir Eugene Gorman, form the Australian Council for Civil Liberties. The Council is formed initially to lobby against censorship restrictions. It publishes booklets to promote its cause, including Yvonne Nicholls’ Not Slaves, Not Citizens in 1952. Branches of the Council are established in every state.


Cover of Not Slaves, Not Citizens: Condition of the Australian Aborigines in the Northern Territory by Yvonne Nicholls, 1952.